Health care utilization and mental health diagnoses among veterans with tinnitus.
Carlson, K. F., Gilbert, T. A., O’neil, M. E., Zaugg, T. L., Manning, C. A., Kaelin, C., Thielman, E. J., Reavis, K. M., & Henry, J. A. (2019). Health care utilization and mental health diagnoses among veterans with tinnitus. American Journal of Audiology, 28(1S), 181-190. doi:10.1044/2018_aja-ttr17-18-0042
Among Veterans who receive VA health care, do those diagnosed with tinnitus have higher rates of TBI, health care utilization, and mental health diagnoses?
Among 617,534 eligible Veterans, about 4 out of every 100 had a tinnitus diagnosis. Veterans with tinnitus were more likely to have hearing loss and a mild TBI diagnoses. Veterans with tinnitus had higher annual health care utilization than those without tinnutis. Statistical modeling found that Veterans with tinnitus were more likely to be diagnosed with anxiety, depression, and substance use disorders than those without tinnutis.
Veterans diagnosed with tinnitus may be more likely to have sustained a TBI and/or have mental health disorders such as anxiety, depression and substance use. Clinicains treating individuals for tinnitus should use best practice standards, be alert for signs and symptoms of cognitive or mental health issues, and make appropriate healthcare service referrals as symptoms present.
In an effort to provide the latest findings to our consumers as quickly as possible, some of these studies, while fully peer reviewed, have not been presented or published either electronically or in print. Findings are presented for informational purposes only and should not be cited or referenced until they are formally published or presented.